学习啦 美婷 2020-03-26 14:37:20
Culture shock is so named because of the effect it has on people when they enter a new culture. Experts have been interested in these effects and have agreed on
five basic stages of culture shock. These stages are general and should only be
used as a reference. Not every individual will go through each stage, and one s
tage may last longer that another for different individuals.
The hardest thing for most travelers to deal with is the emotional “roller
coaster” they seem to be riding. One moment they feel very positive toward the
new culture, and the next moment very negative. It seems common that international visitors and immigrants vacillate between loving and hating a new country. Feelings of separation and alienation1 can be intensified2 if they do not have a sense of fitting in or belonging.
Fatigue3 is another problem people face when entering a new culture. There can be a sense of a greater need for sleep. This is due not only to physical tiredness, but also to mental fatigue. This mental fatigue comes from straining to comprehend the language, and coping with new situations.
The impact of culture shock can vary from person to person. There can be significant differences because some people may be better prepared to enter a new culture. Four factors which play into these are personality, language ability, length of stay, and the emotional support received.
It is logical to think that when people are deprived of their familiar surroundings they will feel disoriented. One solution some have found is to bring a few small reminders4 of home. Pictures, wall hangings, favorite utensils5, and keep
sakes are all good candidates to make things feel more familiar. Another helpful
activity is to establish little routines that become familiar over time. Even better is fitting things that were part of the regular routine back in the home country into the routine established in the new culture. This will make people feel more at home.
1. According to Para. one, experts have interests in ____________________________________________________________.
2. Emotional “roller coaster” refers ____________________________________________________.
3. When entering a new culture, the problems people face are ______________________________________________________________.
4. Copying with new situation may result in _____________________________________________________________.
5. According to the author, the more effective way to solve “cultural s
hock” is ______________________________________________________.
1.【参考答案】 Cultural shocks effect on people.
们所造成的影响而得名。在第二句话中得知Experts have been interested in these effects and …此句中的these effects虽然成为复数，但指的仍是第一句中：the effect it has on people when they enter a new culture.答案由此而来。
2.【参考答案】 unsteadily feeling toward new culture
【详细解答】 本题问的是：情绪上的“环滑车”指的是什么文中提到：One moment they feel very positive toward the new culture,and the next moment very negative.由
于是简短回答，我们便总结为“unsteadily feeling touard a new culture.”
3.【参考答案】 are emotional roller coaster and fatigue
【详细解答】 从第三段的第一句话入手：Fatigue is another problem people face when entering a new culture“another”一词表明，前面第二段涉及的还有另一个问题。
4.【参考答案】 the mental fatigue
【详细解答】 本题只要注意到了第三段的最后一句：The mental fatigue comes from s
training to comprehend the language,and coping with new situations.答案便迎刃而
解。本句，The mental fatigue 是结果，coping with new situation是原因之一，本题问题是coping with new situation可能引起什么。那么，我们只要由原因推向结果即可。
5.【参考答案】 fitting some regular routines into the new culture.
最后一段提到，one solution…is to…,Another activity is to …,Even better is …,
据作者的口气，三个方案中，最有效的建议便是：fitting things that were part of the
regular routine back in the home country into the routine established in the new culture,对于这么长的方案，我们只挑主要的说就可以了。